Panzer Aces II: Battles Stories of German Tank Commanders of WWII
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The March Yank described Pool as "the ace of American tankers" and stated that "[he] is an almost unbelievable document of total victory.
Panzer Aces II: Battle Stories of German Tank Commanders in World War II
Similarly, the British Army did not recognise any tank aces. Some British Sherman Firefly tank commanders were responsible for destroying multiple German tanks. Some tank whose crews had distinguished themselves most in action, were given, by order of tank formation commanders, the name of Russian generals or of the heroes of the units, who had fallen fighting for their country.
The German author Franz Kurowski covers "Panzer aces" in several of his hagiographic accounts. Published in the U. Fedorowicz Publishing in the s and by Stackpole Books in the , his popular series Panzer Aces describes fictionalised careers of highly decorated German soldiers during World War II. The most famous German "Panzer ace", Michael Wittmann , is credited by Kurowski as having destroyed 60 tanks and nearly as many anti-tank guns in the course of a few days near Kiev in November After the war, Wittmann gained a cult status among admirers of the Wehrmacht, the Waffen-SS and tank warfare.
In another of Kurowski's accounts, while attempting to relieve the 6th Army encircled in Stalingrad, Bake destroys 32 enemy tanks in a single engagement. The concept of what constitutes success in tank battles has received considerable attention in recent years. According to Neitzel, numbers of successes by highly decorated soldiers should be approached with caution as it is rarely possible to determine reliably, in the heat of the battle, how many tanks were destroyed and by whom. At the time of Operation Citadel and during the subsequent Soviet counteroffensives in the Summer of , German combat units claimed 16, tanks and assault guns destroyed.
The historian Steven Zaloga opines that "tank kill claims during World War II on all sides should be taken with a grain of salt". He notes the "romantic nonsense" of the popular inclination to imagine a tank versus tank engagement as an "armoured joust" — two opponents facing each other — with the "more valiant or better-armed [one] the eventual victor".
In reality, most tank to tank combat involved one tank ambushing the other, and the most successful tank commanders were generally "bushwhackers" with "a decided advantage in firepower or armour, and often both". Zaloga uses Wittmann's career to illustrate the point of the battlefield advantage. He credits Wittmann with "about " tanks destroyed, but points out that Wittmann achieved of these in , operating a Tiger I tank on the Eastern Front. Having advantages both in firepower and in armour, Tiger I was "nearly invulnerable in a frontal engagement" against any of the Soviet tanks of that time.
Wittmann thus could "kill its opponents long before they were close enough to inflict damage on his tank". Historian John Buckley has also criticised accounts of Wittmann's career, arguing that "many historians through to today continue to repackage unquestioningly Nazi propaganda" by repeating false claims that Wittmann's tank single-handedly defeated a British offensive in Normandy.
In reality, this tactical success was achieved by the entire unit Wittmann formed part of, but was attributed only to him as part of a propaganda campaign. Author Robert Kershaw, in his book Tank Men , refers to a "tank ace" being the minority of tank commanders that accounted for the most destroyed enemy armour, saying it is roughly analogous with a flying ace. British author George Forty writes that some German tanks in particular the Tiger 1 were often better armoured and armed than their allied counterparts, which often helped the survivability of crews, enabling them to either win engagements or at least survive encounters so as to be able to fight again.
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- Panzer Aces: German Tank Commanders of World War II by Franz Kurowski (Paperback, 2004).
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the Panzer Aces series, see Panzer Aces book series. The Shortest History of Germany. James Hawes. Learning from the Germans. Susan Neiman. The Quest for Queen Mary. James Pope-Hennessy. Ian Kershaw. First to Fight.
Roger Moorhouse. The Strange Death of Europe. Douglas Murray. Anna Funder.
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The Adams coalition set in motion a startling chain of events in the Philadelphia streets, in the Continental Congress, and throughout the country that culminated in the Declaration of Independence on July 4. In Declaration William Hogeland brings to vibrant life both the day-to-day excitement and the profound importance of those nine fast-paced weeks essential to the American founding yet little known today.
He depicts the strange-bedfellow alliance the Adamses formed with scruffy Philadelphia outsiders and elegant Virginia planters to demand liberty. He paints intimate portraits of key figures: John Dickinson, a patriot who found himself outmaneuvered on the losing side of history; Benjamin Franklin, the most famous man in America, engaged in and perplexed by his city's upheavals; Samuel Adams, implacable in changing the direction of Congress; his cousin John, anxious about the democratic aspirations of their rabble-rousing Philadelphia allies; and those democratic radical organizers themselves, essential to bringing about independence, all but forgotten until now.
As the patriots' adventure gathers toward the world-changing climax of the Declaration, conflicts and ironies arise, with trenchant relevance for the most important issues confronting Americans today.
Franz Kurowski (E-kitapları)
Declaration offers a fresh, gripping, and vivid portrait of the passionate men and thrilling events that gave our country birth. Unteroffizier Heintze alerted his comrades. He took one of the tanks up in his sights, knocking it out barely meters in front of the gun's position. The second tank continued to approach. It reeked of burned oil and cordite. The tracks rattled loudly.
The steel monster was then in the Germans' position and rolled over one of the gun trails. It kept going.
Panzer Aces II: Battles Stories of German Tank Commanders of WWII - Franz Kurowski - Google книги
It was quiet again for a while. Then ten enemy tanks showed up off to the flank. The flak opened fire at 5, meters. When the enemy tanks had closed to 4, meters, the lead vehicle was hit and came to a halt. Then a second one was hit.